The zero-energy air conditioner is a natural, low-tech, zero-electricity air conditioner that was innovated at a Delhi-based Ant studio. Bearing with the summer heat is almost impossible. And as summer is here, the mercury is on the rise and the temperature of several places is reaching different heights every single day. Living in a developing country like India, it is important to develop and have access to energy-efficient, eco-friendly alternatives for sustainable living.
Not every household in India can afford to buy an expensive air conditioner, but dealing with the summer heat is equally difficult. Along with that, another problem that has become a major concern now is pollution. The demand for fans and air conditioners is high during the summers for obvious reasons which cause the increase in using electricity resulting in having harmful effects on the environment. And this zero-energy air conditioner is now a savior.
Monish Kumar Siripurapu is the founder of Ant Studio in Delhi. He completed his graduation from the School of Planning and Architecture [SPA] in Delhi in 2009. Along with this, he is also skilled in domains such as AutoCAD, Python, Rhinoceros, installation design, and architectural design. He’s a strong education professional with an OTF focused on Robotic fabrication from the Institute for an Advanced Architecture of Catalonia. He said that as an architect he always wanted to find ecological, artistic, pocket-friendly solutions which also involve traditional craft methods.
CoolAnt – The Zero-energy Air Conditioner Innovation
The name of this zero-energy air conditioner innovation is CoolAnt. It comprises terracotta cylinders that are stacked on top of one another, housed in a circular stainless steel structure, making it look like a beehive structure. To provide people with a cheaper alternative to electrical air conditioners, he designed this low-cost, low-tech terracotta air conditioner. This helped in reducing the heat emitted by diesel generators in a factory in New Delhi. This terracotta air conditioner works on the principle of evaporative cooling, an ancient technique. This technique relies on water and porous materials like terracotta to lower the surrounding temperatures.
CoolAnt – Working Principle
When the water seeps through the porous layers of terracotta, it evaporates at the outer surface and cools the inner surface following the principle of evaporative cooling. Monish Siripurapu said that this innovation had worked pretty well functionally and findings from this experiment also helped in opening up many possibilities where this technique can be integrated with forms that could redefine the way we look at air conditioners. CoolAnt also acts as a natural purifier as there is a certain moss that grows on the pipes that can capture the carbon particles present in the air. It needs to be filled with water once or twice a day and can work with recycled water.
Zero-energy air conditioner – The Success Story
Deki electronics lent its hand forward to support this CoolAnt project of Ant Studio of Delhi and installed the first CoolAnt in its plant in Uttar Pradesh. The circular system can also be changed into an artistic interpretation while the falling waters give a comforting ambiance. Monish Siripurapu’s CoolAnt, a natural terracotta air conditioner won an award at the Asia Pacific Low-Carbon Lifestyles Challenge. Not only that, but he was also awarded a $10,000 grant at the UN environment Program as they appreciated his innovation for its ingenuity and zero usage of refrigerants.
Featured image – Website