This Vijay Diwas, Know How ‘Sam Bahadur’ Defeated Pakistan To Make The Biggest Surrender In The World!

Education By Akarshi Srivastava | 4 min read

Vijay Diwas

“Pehli goli woh chalayega … aur aakhri goli hum”

Border Movie

Released in 1997, “Border” is a timeless treasure, holding a special place in the hearts of almost all millennials. The bold attitude of Bairo Singh, the powerful voice of Major Kuldeep Singh portrayed by Sunny Deol, and the calm charisma of Wing Commander Anand Bajwa played by Jackie Shroff. This film is not just a Bollywood masterpiece; it stands as a symbol of India’s history and victory. very beautifully portrayed by J.P. Dutta Border is a brilliant depiction of India’s triumph in the 1971 war against Pakistan.

“Border” was just a glimpse of the great war of 1971. The India-Pak 1971 war was a bloody battle—not merely a tussle between two brothers fighting over a piece of land but a historic battle that led to the creation of a new country. Along with a new nation’s birth story came numerous stories of families facing the deaths of their young men. We lost many brave soldiers, many mothers wept for the demise of their sons. Many women became widows, and numerous children were left without a father. But irrespective of what we lost, we won!! India won a marvelous win. While we all celebrate the win, we often allocate very little time to honor the men who sacrificed everything for this victory. Just a single day! Vijay Diwas.

Vijay Diwas, observed after many years, is a tribute to the courageous soldiers who relentlessly fought for India’s triumph in the 1971 war against Pakistan. It’s not easy to stay away from our loved ones and devote our lives completely to the pride and safety of our nation. But the brave Indian martyrs and soldiers always prove that ‘watan se bada kuch nahi’. The brave men in uniform, without a second thought, sacrificed their lives for the nation. Today, 52 years later, let’s recall their great devotion to the nation on the Vijay Diwas!

Why is Vijay Diwas celebrated?

52 years ago, on December 16, 1971, India resurfaced the boundaries of South Asia by liberating a new country, Bangladesh, which was known as East Pakistan back then. The Indian armed forces achieved a great victory against the Pakistani army after fighting for 13 days, which ended with almost a amrny of 93,000 Pakistani man surrendering.

Vijay Diwas
Source : Wikimedia

‘Vijay’ means victory Diwas is celebrated to remember the unbeatable victory of the Indian Army over Pakistan. It pays tribute to all the martyrs who sacrificed their lives in the 1971 Indo-Pak war.

History of the 1971 Indo-pak war

Pakistan was formed after India gained independence in 1947 and was divided into two parts, east Pakistan and west Pakistan. Bengalis in East Pakistan were highly discriminated against on various grounds. In 1970, Pakistan held its first and only general elections since independence, in which the People’s Party from the West and the Eastern Awami League were the main competitors. After the Awami League won, they declared East Pakistan as Bangladesh, a whole new country, by cutting all the cords from the west. The People’s party was not ready to surrender and by 1971, Bangladesh had triggered violence and many refugees started coming back to India.

Vijay Diwas
Source : Wikipedia

The former Indian Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, supported Bangladesh’s mission, which pissed off the Pakistani officials. This led to a war when Pakistan launched an air strike on 11 Indian air bases, destroying most of them. India launched Operation Trident, a surprise attack on Karachi Fort under the command of none other than the OG “Sam Manekshaw,” in response to the air strike. While the war was still continuing, the Indian Air Force targeted a meeting with Bangladesh on December 14th, 1971. This move shook Pakistan, which later initiated the surrender on December 16, 1971.

This way, India won the 1971 Indo-Pak war which led to the formation of a new country in South Asia. This is why December 16 is celebrated as Vijay Diwas to remember the contributions of our brave martyrs.

Significance of 52nd Vijay Diwas

On 16th December Vijay Diwas is celebrated as an unforgettable milestone in the history of Indian subcontinent, marking not just a victory but a success of justice, unity and humanitarian values blended together for a cause. Let us understand the meaning of this.

Vijay Diwas
Source : Wikimedia


Vijay Diwas signifies the strong depiction of the call for justice during the Bangladesh liberation war. The initial war was between the east and west pakistan but the involvement of India was a strong call against the injustice. The great win marks the victory of seeking justice over oppression.

National Unity

The 1971 war Vijay Diwas marks the importance of national unity over any discrimination. Bangladesh was not that strong until India shared the fighting spirit with them. The victory was surely not just a military one but it was a testament of power of a united nation against the injustice.

Humanitarian Impact

The creation of a new nation Bangladesh, was a ray of hope for millions of suffering souls as the pre war era witnessed the displacement of countless individuals. It emerged as a promise of freedom and the opportunity to rebuild shattered souls.

Thus, the significance of Vijay Diwas extends far beyond the military sphere. We must remember the brave soldiers who never thought twice before losing their lives for the nation, but we should also take the values it holds. As 16th December 2023 is around the corner, let us take pride in celebrating the Vijay Diwas and pay tribute to the great fighters of the nation.

Facts about Vijay Diwas

Some of the takeaways from Vijay Diwas, the great historic events are –

The primary outcome of this war was the liberation of Bangladesh which highlighted the victory of Indian Armed Forces who fought selflessly for the creation of an independent nation where the individuals are not criticized and discriminated on any grounds.

Vijay Diwas
Source : Wikimedia

Another significant moment of this war was the surrender of Pakistani forces in Dhaka which claimed the end of the war. Following this, the strategic powers of the Indian Armed Forces which led to a great victory despite being outnumbered will forever be cherished in the Indian history.

Celebrated on 16th December every year, Vijay Diwas serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made by the soldiers not only for the national gains, but for the principles of justice and human rights as well. Since then, 52 years passed by, but the dedication and the spirit of the Indian Army remained the same.

Mad4India extends a heartfelt tribute to all the martyrs and their sacrifices. The nation shall never forget so, this Vijay Diwas, let’s share this great story with everyone!

For copyright purposes, links of the feature image – 1,2,3

Frequently Asked Questions

Why is Vijay Diwas celebrated?

The word ‘Vijay’ means victory so it is celebrated to commemorate the victory of Indian forces over Pakistan in 1971 indo-pak war.

What is the difference between Vijay Diwas and Kargil Diwas?

Vijay diwas celebrates the victory of 1971 indo-pak war and kargil diwas celebrates the great win of the kargil war of 1999 against Pakistan.

What happened on 16th December, 1971?

13 days after the 1971 indo-pak war started, India won as the Pakistani military signed the instrument of surrender on 16th December, 1971.

If you liked reading this devotional blog about Indian army and its struggle in the ancient days, then do have a look at This Assami Chief Reduced Aurangzeb’s Might To Dust – Story Of Unsung Hero Lachit Borphukan No One Knows.

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