Great Indian Scientists And Their Enormous Contributions To Science & Technology Sector

Mad4Society By Archana Bhakta | 8 min read

great Indian scientists

From tiny light bulbs to big machines, everything around us is a dynamic science, once invented by renowned scientists. Some great Indian scientists have made noteworthy contributions to the world and have garnered a praising synonym in the science field of India. 

Science is an inevitable part of our life. It is more than an academic subject that continues to impact our lives daily. India has been scientifically advanced from ancient times to the contemporary world. 

India is a land of creativity and originality. Sovereignty has given great minds to explore ideas that have made it to global recognition. some Famous Indian Scientists who made noteworthy contributions in the world have made us proud time after time.

The world has always been complex, but the inventions of these great Indian scientists in the field of science have given solutions to the problems raised. 

The science & technology sector has been the fastest-growing sector in India. It is due to the credibility of great Indian scientists who were the pillars and past geniuses in this field. 

As a country, we should feel immensely proud of their mammoth contributions, but as an individual, our lives have become secure and easy due to their scientific inventions.

These great Indian scientists not only made the Indian sub-continent grow but emboldens the young generation to pave and evolve the science field. Taking inspiration from the history of legends around 11 Indian Scientists received the highest Science Award in 2021.

Many new ideas will arise, and new inventions will arouse, but the ones that carved the path for India’s science & technology shall be remembered forever. Mad4India reminisces and brings a compilation of these great Indian scientists who brought India to global acclaim. 


1.APJ Abdul Kalam
2.C.V. Raman 
3.Vikram Sarabhai 
4.Homi J. Bhabha
5.Venkatraman Radhakrishnan
6.Jagadish Chandra Bose 
7.Nambi Narayanan 
8.Raj Reddy
9.Meghnad Saha

APJ Abdul Kalam – The Great Indian Scientist Who Made India Proud

Great indian scientist
Image Source – Website

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was an Indian scientist who made notable contributions in the science field. He was born on 5 October 1931 in Rameshwaram, Madras (present-day Tamil Nadu, India.)

 He was an aerospace scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. Out of the many great Indian scientists, APJ Abdul Kalam was a man of legacy. 

He worked at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and was intimately involved in India’s civilian program and military missile development effort. He thus came to be known as the Missile Man of India for his role in ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. 

One of the great Indian scientists, Abdul Kalam, was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 1969. He was the project director of SLV- III, India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle. 

Under the leadership of APJ Abdul Kalam, India saw rapid development in missile production and nuclear weapons programs. 

While he was delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong, he collapsed and died from a cardiac arrest on 27 July 2015, aged 83. 

APJ Abdul Kalam was popularly known as “People’s President.” He is also the recipient of many prestigious awards, such as Bharat Ratna. As much as people are aware of him, a lot of us aren’t aware of 10 Great Indian Inventions That We Thought Were Foreign But Originated In India.

C.V. Raman – Great Indian Scientist Who Invented The Raman Effect

Great indian scientist
Image Source – Wikipedia

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was one of the great Indian scientists. He was a physicist who worked in the field of light scattering. Using a spectrograph that he developed, he discovered that when light travels to transparent materials, it e deflected light changes its frequency and wavelength. This phenomenon was known as the Raman Effect or Raman Scattering. 

Chandrasekhara Venkata Rama was born on 7th November 1888 in Trichy, Tamil Nadu, India. He was a bright student and was the first Palit Professor of Physics at the University of Calcutta. 

C.V. Raman, one of the great Indian scientists, was the reciprocate of a Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the Raman Effect. He was also the first Asian to receive a prize in any branch of science. 

The Raman Effect was discovered on 28 February 1928. The day is celebrated as the National Science Day of India by the Government of India. 

He is also the recipient of many awards, such as Bharat Ratan.

The great Indian scientists passed away on 21 November 1970.

Vikram Sarabhai – Great Indian Scientist AKA the Father of the Indian Space Program

Great indian scientist
Image Source – Wikipedia

Out of the many renowned and great Indian scientists, Vikram Sarabhai’s contributions are massive. He is known as the Father of the Indian Space Program.

Dr. Vikram Sarabhai was an Indian physicist and astronomer who initiated space research and developed nuclear power in India. He is the core astronomer who shaped the future of the Indian space program. 

He was born on 12 August 1919 in Ahmedabad, Bombay Presidency, British India. 0n December 1971, Dr. Sarabhai died at 52 due to a cardiac arrest. One hour before his demise, he had a conversation with APJ Abdul Kalam. 

In the history of leaders, APJ Abdul Kalam was a young student of Dr. Sarabhai, who took him under his wings. The two great Indian scientists signified the space program of India. 

Vikram Sarabhai is the leading founder of the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad. He also played an instrumental role in the setting up of ISRO. 

Along with many great Indian scientists, he was honoured with Padman Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan. 

Homi J. Bhabha – Great Indian Scientist AKA the Father of The Indian Nuclear Programme

Great indian scientist
Image Source – Wikipedia

Homi Jehangir Bhabha, entitled the Father of the Indian Nuclear Programme, was a preeminent Indian physicist who played an integral role in the scientific community of India. 

Born on 30 October 1904 in Bombay Presidency, British India (present-day Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.) He was the founder-director and professor at the TIFR – Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. 

Out of the contributions of various great Indian scientists, Homi J. Bhabha is the founding director of the AEET – Atomic Energy Establishment Trombay, which is now known as Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in his honour. 

During the struggle for freedom against British rule and looking for a newly independent India, Homi Bhabha was also in close contact with the then Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, and proposed to set up a separate Indian Atomic Energy Commission, which came into existence in 1948. 

Out of the many great Indian scientists, Homi Bhabha organized the first UN Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy in 1955. He inspired the nuclear program for India. 

Homi Bhabha was awarded the Adams Prize and Padma Bhushan. He was also nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1951 and 1953–1956. 

Homi Bhabha, one of the great Indian scientists of India, died in an Air India Flight 101 Plane Crash in Mont Blanc on 24 January 1966.

Recently Sonyliv premiered their show on the lives of Homi J Bhabha and Vikram Sarabhai the show will give you a deeper glance as to Who Were Indian Scientists Homi Bhabha & Vikram Sarabhai, The Real ‘Rocket Boys’?

Venkatraman Radhakrishnan – Great Indian Scientist AKA ‘Rad

Great Indian Scientist
Image Source – Website

Venkatraman Radhakrishnan was an Indian space scientist. He was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He served as the vice president of the International Astronomical Union from 1988–to 1994. 

He was a foreign fellow of the U.S. National Science Academy. He was an Associate of the Royal Astronomical Society & a Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore.

He is one of the great Indian scientists that has contributed immeasurably to the design and fabrication of ultralight aircraft and sailboats.

Venkatraman Radhakrishnan was born on 18 May 1929 in Tondiarpet, a suburb of Chennai, Madras. 

With a motto to bring a change, Radhakrishnan gave many theoretical insights & observations on many mysteries surrounding interstellar clouds, galaxy structures, pulsars, and various other celestial bodies. 

He passed away at the age of 91 on 3 March 2011 in Bangalore, Karnataka, India. 

Venkatraman Radhakrishnan contributed to the Indian science field and is regarded as one of the great Indian scientists. 

Jagadish Chandra Bose – Great Indian Scientist AKA Father of Bengali science fiction

Great Indian scientist
Image Source – Wikipedia

Jagadish Chandra Bose was a famous and great Indian scientist. He was a biologist, physicist, botanist, and an early writer of Bengali science fiction. He made a significant contribution to plant science and pioneered the investigation of radio and microwave optics. 

Born on 30 November 1858, in Mymensingh in the Bengal Presidency (present-day Bangladesh), he was a major force behind the expansion of experimental science in the Indian subcontinent. 

The IEEE named him the Father of Radio Science. Chandra Bose is known as the Father of Bengali science fiction

Renowned a great man of belief among the great Indian scientists, Bose invented the Cresco graph, a device that could measure the growth of plants. A crater on the moon is named after his honour. 

He founded the Bose Institute, a premier research institute of India and one of its oldest. Established in 1917, it is also Asia’s first interdisciplinary research centre. 

Along with his creations, he opposed patenting any of his inventions. He made many pioneering discoveries in plant physiology. He is a great personal who has contributed immensely to the science & technology sector of India. 

Apart from being a Bengali writer, he made India proud. In a 2004 BBC poll, Jagadish Chandra Bose was voted the seventh greatest Bengali of all time. 

He died on 3 November 1937 in Giridih, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day Jharkhand.) 

Nambi Narayanan – Great Indian Scientist who choose pride over Anything

Great Indian scientist
Image Source – Wikipedia

Nambi Narayanan was an aerospace engineer who worked at the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO.) He was a key instrumental in developing the Vikas engine that would be used for the first PSLV, India will launch.

He was also the senior official, and he was in charge of the cryogenics division. 

Out of the many great Indian scientists, his contribution to India was reckoned. Nambi was born on 2 December 1941 in Tamil Nadu, India. Since growing up, he had a fascination with flying objects and aircraft. 

Nambi Narayanan also met the founder and the then chairman of ISRO Vikram Sarabhai and APJ Abdul Kalam. 

He was one of the enormous scientists who worked on various projects, but his life turned upside down when he was arrested in 1994 on a false accusation. He resigned from ISRO regarding the espionage scandal. 

Nambi was dismissed from the charges by the CBI in April 1996, and the Supreme Court of India declared him not guilty in 1998. Know what was the entire case about Nambi Narayanan, The Indian Scientist Of ISRO And The Story Behind Fake Spy Scandal 

He is the recipient of the third-civilian award – Padma Bhushan. 

Raj Reddy – Award-Winning Indian computer scientist

Great Indian scientist
Image Source – Website

One of the great Indian scientists to contribute his wisdom and knowledge is Raj Reddy. He is an Indian-American computer scientist and is one of the early pioneers of artificial intelligence. Raj Reddy has also served at Stanford and Carnegie Mellon. He was also the founding director of the Robotics Institute at the University of Carnegie Mellon.

He is known to have anchored what we know as today, AI. He is related to the development of large-scale intelligence systems.

Born on 13 June 1937 in Katur, Madras Presidency (present-day Andhra Pradesh, India.)

Raj Reddy is an award-winning Indian computer scientist. He is one of the great Indian scientists. 

Meghnad Saha – Great Indian Scientist Who Coined Saha Ionization

great Indian scientist
Image Source – Wikipedia

Meghnad Saha was an Indian astrophysicist who developed the Ionization equation. The Saha Ionization equation is a basic tool to describe the physical and chemical conditions in stars. 

Saha was born on 6 October 1893 in Shaoratoli, Dhaka, Bengal Presidency (present-day Bangladesh.) His study on the thermal ionization of elements let him formulate the Saha equation.  

He also developed an instrument for measuring the weight and pressure of solar rays. 

Termed one of the great Indian scientists, he was elected to the Parliament of India in 1952 from Kolkata. 

Meghnad Saha was known as the chief architect of river planning in India. The Damodar Valley project plan was prepared by him. 

In the legacies of many great Indian scientists, Maghnand Saha made an exceptional discovery that formulated the interpretation of the spectra of stars in astrophysics.

He passed away on 16 February 1956 in New Delhi at 62. 

Renowned and exhilarating great Indian scientists have made enormous contributions to the science & technology sector. 

All these veterans have inspired the younger generation to come forward just like this Young scientist Tenith Adithyaa invents plastic alternatives with his Make in India social innovation – banana leaf technology

It diligently received praise for its achievements across the world. Many great minds reckoned with the future of India and carved their belief in making India a nation of dynamic science. 

Since then, many institutes and centres were also launched in regard youngsters to joining and promoting their ideas for mainstream discovery. From the Indian Institute of Science to the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), India, many great proposals have been discovered in the science field. 

Many great Indian scientists have made subsidies to the field of science that has helped us, human beings, understand the mysteries of the world much better. 

Science is more than a subject. It is the dynamic creation that we surround ourselves with daily indulgence. Mad4India is delighted to cover these great Indian scientists who have made the nation proud with their discoveries and launched a new spectrum for the young generation of this country. 

If you loved reading this story, you can also read about 11 Indian Scientists received the highest Science Award in 2021

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