How did the Indian constitution get its present form? And who were the visionary leaders of India who thought of giving such versatile touch to the constitution making it the world’s longest-written constitution? Well, this one is a boring one because it’s filled with so many facts and information but believe me you must read it till the end. After all, we all must know everything about our rule mentor.
Here is all that you need to know about the Constitution of India on National constitution day- celebrated on November 26th every year.
Indian Culture – Of Life By Rules
The government made the decision in May 2015 to celebrate B. R. Ambedkar’s (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956) 125th birthday in a big way. Ambedkar is regarded as the father of the Indian constitution. It was announced that a special committee would be in charge of the entire year of festivities. Throughout the year, various ministries and departments will host a variety of events to promote Ambedkar’s ideas. The foundation stone for an Ambedkar memorial was laid at the Indu Mills complexes in Mumbai in October 2015, and as part of the festivities, Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared that November 26 would be observed as “Constitution Day.” The government formally announced the commemoration of the
Why The 26th Of November
So first things first, why is Constitution day celebrated on the 26th of November? We all know about the 15th of august and the 26th of January but this landmark day the 26th of November holds a deep grip on the history of Indian independence. It is because this was the day when the constitution of India was adopted in the year 1949. Later on the 26th of January 1950, the constitution was officially enforced in the country.
Very few are aware of the Poorn swaraj day which was announced by then-young leader Mr Jawaharlal Nehru in 1930. On November 19, 2015, The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment notified the government’s decision to celebrate November 26 as National Constitution Day.
Know About The Pioneer
M.N.Roy was the 1st person to suggest the idea of forming the constitutional assembly. He is also famous as the pioneer of the communist movement in India.
Later the demand was raised by leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi and J.L. Nehru. It is believed that Swaraj Party was the 1st political party in India that supported the idea of forming a constitutional assembly.
Who Framed The Constitution?
There were various committees formed to make the constitution. It included 8 major and other minor committees but among them, all the real framing work of the constitution was done by the Draft committee headed by Dr B.R.Amedkar who is also known as the Father of the Indian constitution. There were 6 other members of the Drafting committee.
Don’t forget the name- Prem Behari Narain Raizada And Vasant Krishnavaidya
The original constitution of India is written in italic style calligraphy by Mr Prem Behari Narain Raizada in English and by Mr. Vasant Krishnavaidya in Hindi.
Nand Lal Bose and Beohar Rammanohar Sinha are credited for the amazing beautification and decoration of the constitution of India.
Did you know? The seal (symbol) of the constitutional assembly was an Elephant.
2 Years, 11 Months, 18 Days
It took a total of 2 years, 11 months, and 18 days for the constitutional assembly to complete the Indian constitution. They sat for 165 days and had a total of 12 sessions to sum up this Elephant sized constitution of India.
As it is rightly said,
Identity card of the constitution.
The preamble of the Indian constitution holds the soul of the constitution. It tells us about the mindset of constitutional makers.
WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
The preamble enshrines the ideals of Justice, Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity.
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION
The constitution of India states the 6 fundamental rights guaranteed to the citizens of India. Initially, there were 7 fundamental rights but the Right to property was deleted by the 44th constitutional amendment.
In the present form of the constitution 6 rights are guaranteed to the citizen of India, which include
One of the most interesting facts about the constitution of India is that it has also stated 11 fundamental duties for its citizens. The idea behind it is that as a citizen one should just not enjoy the rights but must also know about his/her duties.
This feature of the Indian constitution is one of a kind. The framers of the Indian constitution got this inspiration from the constitution of the USSR.
Bag Of Borrowing
You will be amazed to hear that the framers of the constitution read around 60 constitutions from around the world before framing the Indian constitution. There are various features that are being adopted from the constitutions of various countries like USA, USSR, Canada, Ireland, etc.
Around 2/3 part of the Indian constitution is adopted from the Government of India act 1935. Since the Indian constitution has very least new features and the maximum of the constitution is adopted from one or the other constitution around the world it is also criticised as a Bag of borrowing.
To this, the Father of the Indian constitution Dr B.R.Ambedkar stated in the constitutional assembly,
The charges of producing a blind copy of the constitutions of other countries is based, i am sure, on an inadequate study of te constitution.
It Is One of a kind
There are various other features that can make you feel proud about our country India but what actually shows the visionary ideology of the constitution makers are these 2 features of the Indian constitution.
- Part 4 of the Indian constitution holds the provision of the Directive principles of the state policy. It is a novel feature of the constitution. Rightly described as the “conscience of the constitution”
- Part 9 of the Indian constitution set up a Three-tier government. the system of rural local self-government.
On 26th November 1949, the constitution of India consisted of The Preamble, 395 Articles, and 8 Schedules. In its present form, the constitution consists of The Preamble, 448 Articles, and 12 Schedules.
If you loved reading this story, you can also read about 11 Indian Scientists who received the highest Science Award in 2021
If you know more inspirational stories about a person, company, new idea, or social initiative and want us to write them on mad4india.com, share such information with us on Facebook or LinkedIn.